Heat-Related Illness Symptoms and First Aid
Jul 10, 2014 01:54PM
● By Erin Frisch
Sometimes we are having to much fun to realize how hot it actually is outside. Here are some helping tips on how to recognize and treat Heat-Related Illness and Symptoms. Be safe out there and always stay hydrated.
• Painful muscle cramps and spasms usually in legs and abdomen
• Heavy sweating
• Apply firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm.
• Give sips of water, if nausea occurs, discontinue water
• Heavy sweating
• Cool, pale, clammy skin
• Weak pulse
• Possible muscle cramps
• Nausea and vomiting
• Normal temperature possible
• Move person to a cooler environment
• Remove or loosen clothing
• Apply cool, wet cloths
• Fan or move victim to air conditioned room
• Offer sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue water. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.
HEAT STROKE (or sunstroke)
• Altered mental state
• Possible throbbing headache, confusion, nausea, dizziness, shallow breathing
• High body temperature (106°F or higher)
• Skin may be hot and dry, or patient may be sweating
• Rapid pulse
• Possible unconsciousness
• Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Summon emergency medical assistance or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal.
• Move the victim to a cooler, preferably air-conditioned, environment
• Reduce body temperature with a water mister and fan or sponging
• Use fan if heat index temperatures are below the high 90s
• Use extreme caution
• If temperature rises again, repeat process
• Do NOT give fluids
If you think you are in any real danger do not hesitate to call 911.