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Woodstock Magazine

Heat-Related Illness Symptoms and First Aid

Jul 10, 2014 01:54PM, Published by Erin Frisch, Categories: Health+Wellness



Sometimes we are having to much fun to realize how hot it actually is outside. Here are some helping tips on how to recognize and treat Heat-Related Illness and Symptoms. Be safe out there and always stay hydrated.

HEAT CRAMPS

Symptoms:

• Painful muscle cramps and spasms usually in legs and abdomen

• Heavy sweating

First Aid:

• Apply firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm.

• Give sips of water, if nausea occurs, discontinue water

HEAT EXHAUSTION

Symptoms:

• Heavy sweating

• Weakness

• Cool, pale, clammy skin

• Weak pulse

• Possible muscle cramps

• Dizziness

• Nausea and vomiting

• Fainting

• Normal temperature possible

First Aid:

• Move person to a cooler environment

• Remove or loosen clothing

• Apply cool, wet cloths

• Fan or move victim to air conditioned room

• Offer sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue water. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.

 

HEAT STROKE (or sunstroke)

Symptoms:

• Altered mental state

• Possible throbbing headache, confusion, nausea, dizziness, shallow breathing

• High body temperature (106°F or higher)

• Skin may be hot and dry, or patient may be sweating

• Rapid pulse

• Possible unconsciousness

First Aid:

• Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Summon emergency medical assistance or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal.

• Move the victim to a cooler, preferably air-conditioned, environment

• Reduce body temperature with a water mister and fan or sponging

• Use fan if heat index temperatures are below the high 90s

• Use extreme caution

• If temperature rises again, repeat process

• Do NOT give fluids

If you think you are in any real danger do not hesitate to call 911.

 


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