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Woodstock Magazine

Heat-Related Illness Symptoms and First Aid

Jul 10, 2014 01:54PM ● Published by Erin Frisch

Sometimes we are having to much fun to realize how hot it actually is outside. Here are some helping tips on how to recognize and treat Heat-Related Illness and Symptoms. Be safe out there and always stay hydrated.

HEAT CRAMPS

Symptoms:

• Painful muscle cramps and spasms usually in legs and abdomen

• Heavy sweating

First Aid:

• Apply firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm.

• Give sips of water, if nausea occurs, discontinue water

HEAT EXHAUSTION

Symptoms:

• Heavy sweating

• Weakness

• Cool, pale, clammy skin

• Weak pulse

• Possible muscle cramps

• Dizziness

• Nausea and vomiting

• Fainting

• Normal temperature possible

First Aid:

• Move person to a cooler environment

• Remove or loosen clothing

• Apply cool, wet cloths

• Fan or move victim to air conditioned room

• Offer sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue water. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.

 

HEAT STROKE (or sunstroke)

Symptoms:

• Altered mental state

• Possible throbbing headache, confusion, nausea, dizziness, shallow breathing

• High body temperature (106°F or higher)

• Skin may be hot and dry, or patient may be sweating

• Rapid pulse

• Possible unconsciousness

First Aid:

• Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Summon emergency medical assistance or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal.

• Move the victim to a cooler, preferably air-conditioned, environment

• Reduce body temperature with a water mister and fan or sponging

• Use fan if heat index temperatures are below the high 90s

• Use extreme caution

• If temperature rises again, repeat process

• Do NOT give fluids

If you think you are in any real danger do not hesitate to call 911.

 

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